A cluck is a sound that utilizes a single or a series of disconnected notes. It is made by applying heavy pressure on a striker and moving in a downward motion on the friction surface. It should sound close to this sounds name sake as a “Cluck”. Use it by making a single cluck or 2 to 3 clucks with a slight pause between notes. Turkeys use this call to gain attention from other birds and is very effective in getting a hung-up gobbler into range.
A purr is a sound that utilizes a soft, quiet rolling tone that makes turkeys feel calm. It is generally heard when a flock of turkeys are socializing. To mimic this sound, grasp the striker in and apply slight pressure to the friction surface. Allow the striker to slide over the friction surface by skipping. This is all regulated by the amount of pressure applied to the striker. Use this call to try and calm a weary gobbler down and he may come into range.
Cluck and Purr
A cluck and purr is a combination of two standalone sounds. Start this call with a standard cluck and then quickly proceed to a purr. This is another call used to calm down suspecting turkeys.
A yelp is one of the most important sounds that a turkey hunter can use. This is the most basic sound that a turkey uses. It is made by applying moderate pressure to the striker and moving it in a downward circle motion on the friction surface. It sounds like the name sake “Yelp” but with a drawn out “E”. This circular motion will make a “Yeeeelp” sound. Use the yelp 3 to 4 times in a row with a slight pause between the calls (Yelp…Yelp…Yelp… Yelp).
An excited yelp is the same as a standard yelp but with a more excited sound. Apply more pressure to the striker and make the yelp cadence more rapid. (YelpYelpYelpYelp). Use this call to try and challenge a dominant hen. When she begins to call, cut her calling off with an excited yelp. The gobbler should come in with the dominate hen.
A Cutt is that same sound as a cluck but it is used in a fast and loud manor. Make 5 to 7 cluck sounds in a row not waiting to pause. Mix in a yelp or two between cutting to better simulate an actual hen. This sound is used to mimic an excited hen, or a hen that is ready to challenge a dominate hen. This usually will make a hung-up gobbler respond and may bring him into range.
Putting to a gobbler should only be used if he is in range but will not lift his head for a proper shot. A putt is an alarm call that signals danger. It is a made by applying heavy pressure to the striker and moving it in a small downward line. Use it with one to three sharp note. This will make the gobbler lift his head and look for the suspected danger. Only use this call if needed.
A cackle or, fly down or fly up cackle, is a sound heard when turkeys are leaving the roost or heading to roost. It is a series of inconsistent sounds that loud and irregular. Turkeys use this sound to communicate to a gobbler that hens are on the ground. Using this call can be a tool to get a location response from a gobbler when roosting, but do not use to call in a bird. It is more of a observed sound indicating to the hunter that the birds are on the ground.
Tree calls can be heard in the early morning or night when the birds are settling in. It is made by soft yelps, purrs, and clucks. Only use this call to signal to a gobbler that you are there. Over calling to the turkeys in a tree are a sure way to quiet a tom or even spook one.